Reflections on Images of the Holocaust in Central and Eastern Europe

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Fotó: Szántó Endre
07 Nov

The Holocaust Memorial Centre cordially invites you to the international conference:


Reflections on Images of the Holocaust in Central and Eastern Europe

December 7, 2022
Wednesday: 9:15 AM – 4:00 PM
(time is Central European Time)

Photographs have an immediate emotional impact and can be seen as windows into past realities. They are important historical sources and priceless possessions of those who lost their families and other loved ones. Yet they are also all too often only seen as illustrations, as somehow less significant than textual and other materials. In co-operation with the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure, EHRI, the Holocaust Memorial Center in Budapest is organizing a conference to reflect on the significance of photographs of the Holocaust in Central and Eastern Europe.
Members of the EHRI Holocaust Photographs expert group of historians, researchers, museum curators, archivists and educators and several other specialists will discuss and examine methods of looking at and working with photographs from the Holocaust period – taken by perpetrators, onlookers/bystanders, Jews, resistance movements and Allied forces at the end of the war. Presentations and discussions will reflect on key questions about these images: What were the circumstances in which the photos were taken? Who took them? Why were they taken? How were the images used at the time? What was their intended use? How have they been used and contextualized since?

The presentations, in English with live translation into Hungarian, will be streamed live on Zoom and Facebook. All persons interested in the live stream are welcome to register at:

The presentation will be available online afterwards on our YouTube channel:


(time is Central European Time)
9:00 – 9:15 Registration
9:15 – 9:25 Welcome: András Zima (Holocaust Memorial Center, Director)
9:25 – 9:30 Opening remarks: Karel Berkhoff (Co-director, European Holocaust Research Infra structure and Senior Researcher, NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies)
9:30 – 10:10 Keynote: Janina Struk (Independent scholar)
Reflections and Interpretations on photographs taken during the Holocaust
10:10 – 10:20 Questions and discussion


Chair: László Csősz

10:20-10:40 Maaty Frenkelzon (Yad Vashem, Jerusalem)
Between Photography and Ideology: Soviet Photography on the Eastern Front during World War II
10:40-11:00 András Lénárt (Holocaust Memorial Center, Budapest)
Photos of the forced labour service in Hungary
11:00 – 11:20 Questions and discussion

11:20 – 11:40 Coffee break

Chair: Christoph Kreutzmüller

11:40 – 12:00 Tom Haward (University College London)
To see or not to see? The ethics of viewing Holocaust photography
12:00 – 12:20 Hedvig Turai (International Business School, Budapest)
Holocaust photos: Uses, misuses, hijacking in exhibition contexts
12:20 – 12:40 Adrian Cioflâncă (Wilhelm Filderman Center for the Study of Jewish History in Romania, Bucharest)
Exhibiting mass-killings: The public use of atrocity photos in Romania during and after WWII
12:40 – 13:00 Questions and discussion

13:00 – 14:20 Lunch break

Chair: András Lénárt

14:20 – 14:40 Christoph Kreutzmüller (Project #Last Seen)
Traces of the Deportations from the West in the East
14:40 – 15:00 Tal Bruttmann (Fondation pour la mémoire de la Shoah)
Warsaw 1943: An SS narrative for a Jewish uprising
15:00 – 15:20 Ramona Bechauf (Göttingen University)
Handling the Sonderkommando Photographs. A Praxeological Approach to Historical Photographs
15:20 – 15:40 Questions and discussion

15:40 – 15:50 Closing remarks: András Lénárt and Christoph Kreutzmüller

Photo: Endre Szántó – 1940, Briefing at the train station


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announcement 431 KB